Payback Period PBP Formula Example Calculation Method

payback period formula

In short, a variety of considerations should be discussed when purchasing an asset, and especially when the investment is a substantial one. Additional complexity arises when the cash flow changes sign several times (i.e., it contains outflows in the midst or at the end of the project lifetime). Then the cumulative positive cash flows are determined for each period. The modified payback period is calculated as the moment in which the cumulative positive cash flow exceeds the total cash outflow. They discount the cash inflows of the project by the cost of capital, and then follow usual steps of calculating the payback period. The payback period is calculated in two ways – Averaging and Subtracting.

Payback Period Explained, With the Formula and How to Calculate It – Investopedia

Payback Period Explained, With the Formula and How to Calculate It.

Posted: Sun, 26 Mar 2017 00:22:33 GMT [source]

The discounted payback period is often used to better account for some of the shortcomings, such as using the present value of future cash flows. For this reason, the simple payback period may be favorable, while the discounted payback period might indicate an unfavorable investment. As the equation above shows, the payback period calculation is a simple one. It does not account for the time value of money, the effects of inflation, or the complexity of investments that may have unequal cash flow over time. In order to determine whether the payback period is favourable or not, management will determine the maximum desired payback period to recover the initial investment costs. Managers who are concerned about cash flow want to know how long it will take to recover the initial investment.

Payback Period and Payback Metrics

There are a few potential downsides to using the payback period. First, it does not take into account the time value of money. This means that a dollar today is worth more than a dollar tomorrow. Therefore, an investment with a shorter payback period might not be as good of a deal as it seems. To conclude, a payback period determines the amount of time it takes for an investment or project to pay for itself. Management should use this calculation to their advantage and take it into consideration when planning their development and investments for their business. So, shorter payback periods are always preferred because if the firm can regain its initial price in cash, the investment automatically becomes more preferred and acceptable.

payback period formula

Looking at the best-performing companies in this cohort gives us clues as to how they have created a low payback period. Payback period is defined as the number of years required to recover the original cash investment.

Payback Period (Payback Method)

In contrast, the discounted payback period measures how long it takes an investment to return its price and make a profit. Subtraction is a method where the formula to calculate the payback payback period formula period is annual cash inflow subtracted by initial cash outflow. The formula is too simplistic to account for the multitude of cash flows that actually arise with a capital investment.

  • Determining the payback period is useful for anyone and can be done by dividing the initial investment by the average cash flows.
  • The difference between these two numbers– the cumulative cash flow at your 3 and the cumulative cash flow at year 4.
  • If the periodic payments made during the payback period are equal, then you would use the first equation.
  • Since IRR does not take risk into account, it should be looked at in conjunction with the payback period to determine which project is most attractive.
  • Businesspeople seeking funding for projects, acquisitions, or investments start with the hurdles event.
  • The main reason for this is it doesn’t take into consideration the time value of money.

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